Michael Hardt

Michael Hardt

Professor of Romance Studies

External address: 106 Friedl Building, Buchanan and Trinity, Durham, NC 27708-0670
Internal address: Box 90670, Durham, NC 27708-0670
Phone: (919) 684-3408
Michael Hardt's writings explore the new forms of domination in the contemporary world as well as the social movements and other forces of liberation that resist them. In the Empire trilogy -- Empire (2000), Multitude (2004), and Commonwealth(2009) -- he and Antonio Negri investigate the political, legal, economic, and social aspects of globalization. They also study the political and economic alternatives that could lead to a more democratic world. Their pamphlet Declaration (2012) attempts to articulate the significance of the encampments and occupations that began in 2011, from Tahrir Square to Zuccotti Park, and to recognize the primary challenges faced by emerging democratic social movements today.


  • Ph.D., University of Washington 1990
  • M.A., University of Washington 1986
  • B.S., Swarthmore College 1983

Hardt, M. “Spinozian Democracy.” Marxism in the Postmodern Age, edited by C. Biewener et al., Guilford Press, 1995, pp. 24–32.

Hardt, M. “Toni Negri’s Practical Philosophy.” Body Politics: Disease, Desire, and the Family, edited by Avery Gordon and Michael Ryan, Westview Press, 1994, pp. 225–28.

Hardt, M. “The Anatomy of Power.” The Savage Anomaly, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1990, pp. xi–xvi.


Hardt, M. “Tronti’s Topography of Revolt.” Genre, vol. 43, no. 3/4, 2010, pp. 337–38.

Hardt, M., et al. “Commonwealth: An exchange.” Artforum International, vol. 48, no. 3, Dec. 2009.

Hardt, M. “Production and Distribution of the Common.” Open: Cahier on Art and the Public Domain, vol. 16, 2009, pp. 20–31.

Hardt, Michael. “Pasolini Discovers Love Outside.” Diacritics: A Review of Contemporary Criticism, vol. 39, no. 4, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2009, pp. 113–29.

Hardt, M., and M. El Kilombo. “Organizing Encounters and Generating Events.” In the Middle of a Whirlwind: Web Publication for the 2008 Rnc Protests, 2008.

Hardt, M. “Ne Darbo Islaisvinimas, O Issilaisvinimas Nuo Darbo!.” Juodraštis, vol. 1, no. 1, 2008, pp. 28–32.

Hardt, M., and Sabu Kohso. “Toward a Revolutionary Theory of the Common.” Vol, vol. 3, no. 1, 2008, pp. 2–15.

Hardt, M., and Gary Kinsman. “From the Perspective of Resistance.” Upping the Anti, no. 5, Oct. 2007, pp. 73–85.

Hardt, Michael. “Jefferson and Democracy.” American Quarterly, vol. 59, no. 1, Mar. 2007, pp. 41–78.

Hardt, M., and Leonard Schwartz. “Talking into Being.” Rain Taxi, vol. 12, no. 3, 2007, pp. 50–52.


Hardt, M. “Kommunismus neu denken.” Prager Frühling: Magazin Für Freiheit Und Sozialismus, no. 8, Oct. 2010, pp. 9–11.

Hardt, M. “Jenseits von Markt und Staat.” Telepolis, 20 May 2010.

Hardt, M., and Steffen Vogel. “Es gab immer Alternativen.” Der Freitag, 8 Apr. 2010, pp. 17–17.

Hardt, M., and Matteo Dean. “Ni público ni privado, sino común.” Desinformémonos, no. 5, Mar. 2010.

Hardt, M., and Paolo Gerbaudo. “Sul clima un nuovo movimento.” Il Manifesto, 7 Dec. 2009.

Hardt, M., and Giuliano Santoro. “Orizzonte comune.” Carta, July 2009, pp. 22–25.

Hardt, M., and Srecko Horvat. “Neoliberalizam je mrtav, ali jos se ne vidi alternativa.” Obzor, 4 Apr. 2009, pp. 10–12.

White, M. An Interview with Michael Hardt. Jan. 2009.

Hardt, M., and Pablo Maurette. “¿El imperio se acerca a su fin?N: Revista De Cultura, 1 Nov. 2008, pp. 10–11.